Category: Sustainable development goals

Sustainable development goals

The sustainable development goals SDGs are a new, universal set of goals, targets and indicators that UN member states will be expected to use to frame their agendas and political policies over the next 15 years. The SDGs follow and expand on the millennium development goals MDGswhich were agreed by governments in and are due to expire at the end of this year. There is broad agreement that, while the MDGs provided a focal point for governments — a framework around which they could develop policies and overseas aid programmes designed to end poverty and improve the lives of poor people — as well as a rallying point for NGOs to hold them to account, they were too narrow.

The eight MDGs — reduce poverty and hunger; achieve universal education; promote gender equality; reduce child and maternal deaths; combat HIV, malaria and other diseases; ensure environmental sustainability; develop global partnerships — failed to consider the root causes of poverty and overlooked gender inequality as well as the holistic nature of development. The goals made no mention of human rights and did not specifically address economic development.

While the MDGs, in theory, applied to all countries, in reality they were considered targets for poor countries to achieve, with finance from wealthy states. Conversely, every country will be expected to work towards achieving the SDGs. Women are still fighting hard for their rights, and millions of women still die in childbirth. Within the goals are targets, to put a bit of meat on the bones.

Unlike the MDGs, which were drawn up by a group of men in the basement of UN headquarters or so the legend goesthe UN has conducted the largest consultation programme in its history to gauge opinion on what the SDGs should include. The open working group, with representatives from 70 countries, had its first meeting in March and published its final draft, with its 17 suggestions, in July The draft was presented to the UN general assembly in September last year.

Member state negotiations followed, and the final wording of the goals and targets, and the preamble and declaration that comes with them, were agreed in August These included 11 thematic and 83 national consultations, and door-to-door surveys. Some countries feel that an agenda consisting of 17 goals is too unwieldy to implement or sell to the public, and would prefer a narrower brief.

Or so they say. Some believe the underlying reason is to get rid of some of the more uncomfortable goals, such as those relating to the environment.

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The indicators are still being thrashed out by an expert group. Each indicator is being assessed for its feasibility, suitability and relevance, and roughly two for each target are expected. The indicators are due to be finalised in March In its report last year, the committee said public finance and aid would be central to support the implementation of the SDGs. But it insisted that money generated from the private sector, through tax reforms, and through a crackdown on illicit financial flows and corruption, was also vital.

A major conference on financing for the SDGsheld in the Ethiopian capital Addis Ababa in July, failed to ease concerns that there will not be enough cash to meet the aspirational nature of the goals. It included a recommitment to the UN target on aid spending — 0.

3 steps to achieving the SDGs - Linda Midgley - TEDxAlkmaar

But civil society groups were less impressed, saying the summit had failed to produce new money to fund the goals, or offer ways to transform the international finance system. Calls for a new international tax body fell on deaf ears. The deadline for the SDGS is What are the sustainable development goals?

Why do we need another set of goals? What are the proposed 17 goals? How were the goals chosen? Are governments happy about the proposed 17 goals?

sustainable development goals

How will the goals be measured? How will the goals be funded?The Sustainable Development Goals SDGs are a collection of 17 global goals designed to be a "blueprint to achieve a better and more sustainable future for all". The goals are broad based and interdependent. The 17 sustainable development goals each has a list of targets which are measured with indicators.

In an effort to make the SDGs successful, data on the 17 goals has been made available in an easily-understood form. Ingovernments met in Stockholm, Sweden for the United Nations Conference on the Human Environmentto consider the rights of the family to a healthy and productive environment.

The outcome document proposed 17 sustainable development goals and associated targets. The Post Development Agenda was a process from to led by the United Nations to define the future global development framework that would succeed the Millennium Development Goals.

The gaps and shortcomings of MDG Goal 8 To develop a global partnership for development led to identifying a problematic "donor-recipient" relationship.

17 Goals to Transform Our World

The UN-led process involved its Member States and global civil society. The resolution is a broad intergovernmental agreement that acts as the Post Development Agenda. The negotiations ran in parallel to United Nations negotiations on financing for development, which determined the financial means of implementing the Post Development Agenda ; those negotiations resulted in adoption of the Addis Ababa Action Agenda in July Paragraph 59 outlines the 17 Sustainable Development Goals and the associated targets and indicators.

There are targets for the 17 goals. Each target has between 1 and 3 indicators used to measure progress toward reaching the targets.

In total, there are approved indicators that will measure compliance. Directly below each goal, in quotation marks, is the exact wording of the goal in one sentence. The paragraphs that follow present some information about a few targets and indicators related to each goal.

Extreme poverty has been cut by more than half since That target may not be adequate for human subsistence and basic needs, however.

They also experience hunger, social discriminationand exclusion from decision-making processes. One possible alternative metric is the Multidimensional Poverty Index. Children make up the majority — more than half — of those living in extreme poverty.

On average, 97 percent of countries have insufficient data to determine the state of impoverished children and make projections towards SDG Goal 1, and 63 percent of countries have no data on child poverty at all.

Women face potentially life-threatening risks from early pregnancy and frequent pregnancies. This can result in lost hope for an education and for a better income. It affects their education, health, nutrition, and security, impacting emotional and spiritual development.

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Achieving Goal 1 is hampered by lack of economic growth in the poorest countries of the world, growing inequality, increasingly fragile statehoodand the impacts of climate change. Goal 2 states that by we should end hunger and all forms of malnutrition.

This would be accomplished by doubling agricultural productivity and incomes of small-scale food producers especially women and indigenous peoplesby ensuring sustainable food production systemsand by progressively improving land and soil quality.The Sustainable Development Goals are the blueprint to achieve a better and more sustainable future for all.

Sustainable development goals: all you need to know

They address the global challenges we face, including those related to poverty, inequality, climate changeenvironmental degradation, peace and justice. The 17 Goals are all interconnect ed, and in order to leave no one behind, it is important that we achieve them all by Click on any specific Goal below to learn more about each issue.

Economic growth must be inclusive to provide sustainable jobs and promote equality. The food and agriculture sector offers key solutions for development, and is central for hunger and poverty eradication. Ensuring healthy lives and promoting the well-being for all at all ages is essential to sustainable development.

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Gender equality is not only a fundamental human right, but a necessary foundation for a peaceful, prosperous and sustainable world. Clean, accessible water for all is an essential part of the world we want to live in. Energy is central to nearly every major challenge and opportunity. Sustainable economic growth will require societies to create the conditions that allow people to have quality jobs.

Investments in infrastructure are crucial to achieving sustainable development. To reduce inequalities, policies should be universal in principle, paying attention to the needs of disadvantaged and marginalized populations. There needs to be a future in which cities provide opportunities for all, with access to basic services, energy, housing, transportation and more. Climate change is a global challenge that affects everyone, everywhere.

Careful management of this essential global resource is a key feature of a sustainable future. Sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, halt and reverse land degradation, halt biodiversity loss. Access to justice for all, and building effective, accountable institutions at all levels.

Revitalize the global partnership for sustainable development. About the Sustainable Development Goals. About the Sustainable Development Goals dpicampaigns T The Sustainable Development Goals are the blueprint to achieve a better and more sustainable future for all. Goal 1: No Poverty Economic growth must be inclusive to provide sustainable jobs and promote equality. Read more about Goal 1. Goal 2: Zero Hunger The food and agriculture sector offers key solutions for development, and is central for hunger and poverty eradication.

Read more about Goal 2. Goal 3: Good Health and Well-Being Ensuring healthy lives and promoting the well-being for all at all ages is essential to sustainable development. Read more about Goal 3. Read more about Goal 4.

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Goal 5: Gender Equality Gender equality is not only a fundamental human right, but a necessary foundation for a peaceful, prosperous and sustainable world. Read more about Goal 5.The Agenda for Sustainable Development, adopted by all United Nations Member States inprovides a shared blueprint for peace and prosperity for people and the planet, now and into the future.

Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)

At its heart are the 17 Sustainable Development Goals SDGswhich are an urgent call for action by all countries - developed and developing - in a global partnership. They recognize that ending poverty and other deprivations must go hand-in-hand with strategies that improve health and education, reduce inequality, and spur economic growth — all while tackling climate change and working to preserve our oceans and forests.

In order to make the Agenda a reality, broad ownership of the SDGs must translate into a strong commitment by all stakeholders to implement the global goals. DSDG aims to help facilitate this engagement. Welcome to the United Nations.

sustainable development goals

Sustainable Development Goals. End poverty in all its forms everywhere. End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition and promote sustainable agriculture.

Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages. Ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all. Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls. Ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all. Ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all.

Promote sustained, inclusive and sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment and decent work for all. Build resilient infrastructure, promote inclusive and sustainable industrialization and foster innovation. Reduce inequality within and among countries. Make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable. Ensure sustainable consumption and production patterns. Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development.

Protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, and halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss. Promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, provide access to justice for all and build effective, accountable and inclusive institutions at all levels. Strengthen the means of implementation and revitalize the global partnership for sustainable development.

United Nations.We use cookies to improve your experience on our website. By using our website you consent to all cookies in accordance with our updated Cookie Notice. The good news? After three years of negotiations and debate, countries had agreed to a set of development goals more bold and ambitious than anything that has come before them.

These eight goals, set by the United Nations back in to eradicate poverty, hunger, illiteracy and disease, expire at the end of this year. Source: United Nations. The MDGs were concrete, specific and measurable, and therefore helped establish some priority areas of focus in international development. But that was also one of their biggest criticisms: by being so targeted, they had left out other, equally important, areas.

Despite the criticism, significant progress has been made over the past 15 years, especially when it comes to the goals of eradicating poverty and improving access to education. That progress, however, has been very uneven, with improvements often concentrated in specific regions and among certain social groups.

In developing the SDGs — a multi-year process involving civil society, governments, the private sector and academia — the United Nations sought to take all these failings into account. So how, then, were these new goals reached and what do they look like? In response to the accusation that the MDGs were too narrow in focus, the SDGs set out to tackle a whole range of issues, from gender inequality to climate change.

But what really sets apart the SDGs from their predecessors is their universal nature. Getting consensus on such a broad development agenda was an achievement in itself, but the real work will start in January, when it kicks in. How, exactly, does the United Nations plan to do so? Goal 17 goes into detail about that. It allows for a range of measures, including financial support and debt relief, the transfer of technologies and scientific know-how to developing nations on favourable terms, and the establishment of an open, non-discriminatory and equitable trading system to help developing nations increase their exports.

Have you read? World Economic Forum articles may be republished in accordance with our Terms of Use. The views expressed in this article are those of the author alone and not the World Economic Forum.

I accept. World vs Virus Podcast. Listen now on Spotify. Most Popular. More on the agenda. Forum in focus.The Sustainable Development Goals SDGsalso known as the Global Goals, were adopted by all United Nations Member States in as a universal call to action to end poverty, protect the planet and ensure that all people enjoy peace and prosperity by The 17 SDGs are integrated —that is, they recognize that action in one area will affect outcomes in others, and that development must balance social, economic and environmental sustainability.

Through the pledge to Leave No One Behind, countries have committed to fast-track progress for those furthest behind first. Everyone is needed to reach these ambitious targets. The creativity, knowhow, technology and financial resources from all of society is necessary to achieve the SDGs in every context.

As the lead UN development agency, UNDP is well-placed to help implement the Goals through our work in some countries and territories. We support countries in achieving the SDGs through integrated solutions. Our track record working across the Goals provides us with a valuable experience and proven policy expertise to ensure we all reach the targets set out in the SDGs by But we cannot do this alone.

Achieving the SDGs requires the partnership of governments, private sector, civil society and citizens alike to make sure we leave a better planet for future generations. Home Sustainable Development Goals. What are the Sustainable Development Goals? What is UNDP's role? Learn more.Sinceimpressive advancements have been made on many health fronts. However, to meet the Sustainable Development Goals health targets byprogress must be accelerated, in particular in regions with the highest burden of disease.

Many more people today are living healthier lives than in the past decade. Nevertheless, people are still suffering needlessly from preventable diseases, and too many are dying prematurely. Overcoming disease and ill health will require concerted and sustained efforts, focusing on population groups and regions that have been neglected. Major progress has been made in improving the health of millions of people, increasing life expectancy, reducing maternal and child mortality and fighting against leading communicable diseases.

However, progress has stalled or is not happening fast enough with regard to addressing major diseases, such as malaria and tuberculosis, while at least half the global population does not have access to essential health services and many of those who do suffer undue financial hardship, potentially pushing them into extreme poverty. Concerted efforts are required to achieve universal health coverage and sustainable financing for health, to address the growing burden of non-communicable diseases, including mental health, and to tackle antimicrobial resistance and determinants of health such as air pollution and inadequate water and sanitation.

Welcome to the United Nations. Sustainable Development Goal 3. More information. Byreduce the global maternal mortality ratio to less than 70 perlive births. Proportion of births attended by skilled health personnel. Byend preventable deaths of newborns and children under 5 years of age, with all countries aiming to reduce neonatal mortality to at least as low as 12 per 1, live births and under-5 mortality to at least as low as 25 per 1, live births.

Byend the epidemics of AIDS, tuberculosis, malaria and neglected tropical diseases and combat hepatitis, water-borne diseases and other communicable diseases. Number of new HIV infections per 1, uninfected population, by sex, age and key populations. Number of people requiring interventions against neglected tropical diseases. Byreduce by one third premature mortality from non-communicable diseases through prevention and treatment and promote mental health and well-being.

Mortality rate attributed to cardiovascular disease, cancer, diabetes or chronic respiratory disease.

sustainable development goals

Strengthen the prevention and treatment of substance abuse, including narcotic drug abuse and harmful use of alcohol. Coverage of treatment interventions pharmacological, psychosocial and rehabilitation and aftercare services for substance use disorders. Harmful use of alcohol, defined according to the national context as alcohol per capita consumption aged 15 years and older within a calendar year in litres of pure alcohol.

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